Archaeology

Israel’s rich biblical history can be found in the country’s archaeology. The Jerusalem Post shares the latest on archaeological excavations at significant biblical and historical sites in Israel and the region.

A replica of a find from Jerusalem, shows a heel bone pierced with an iron nail
Jerusalem geologist believes we have the nails used for crucifixion

Aryeh Shimron found out that the nails were the same ones taken from the Caiaphas site, and were also used to crucify someone. And they have bone on them.

Second Temple period jars and complete clay objects unearthed in Beit El

The ancient jars were discovered inside a water hole at the Khirbet Kafr Mer archaeological site at Beit El.

Einalem Mengesto, who works at the Faitlovitch Collection.
Ethiopian Jewry's biblical texts are disappearing. TAU is saving them.

The students who have just begun their studies in the 2020-2021 academic year are all Ethiopian Israelis with Bachelor's degrees, who are eager to preserve and study their heritage.

Negev trash mounds reveal secrets of ancient agriculture

The study explores how the detailed study of trash can lead to wide-ranging conclusions about the economic and agricultural life of a community.

Medieval Jerusalem latrine may hold secrets of modern-era gut diseases

The Jerusalem latrine was found in the Christian Quarter of the Old City, close to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 1996 during excavations of a cesspool in the courtyard of a Spanish school.

Israeli study finds ancient hominins used fire to make tools

The findings from the cave have been dated to between 420,000 and 200,000 years ago, or the Lower Paleolithic period.

Archaeologists dig at the site in Beersheba.
6,500-year-old 'furnace' discovered in Beersheba

“It’s important to understand that the refining of copper was the high tech of that period."

Abd Elghani Ibrahim of the Israel Antiquities Authority, at the site of the excavated mikveh near Ki
Ancient ritual bath makes journey to new kibbutz home

Kibbutz campaign triumphs in attempt to house ancient mikveh

Ortal Harush with one of the Iron-Age jars found in Khirbet Qeiyafa
Modern scans may show traces of the original dimensions of the ‘tefach’

The tefach, an ancient unit of measurement, was used by ancient Israelites.

Rare masthead from ancient shipwreck found in northern Israel
Rare masthead from ancient shipwreck found in northern Israel

Each artifact yielded information which can help unravel mysteries of this era.

The Nefud desert in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula
Footprints in Saudi Arabia could prove humans were there 120,000 years ago

Archeologists working in Nefud Desert noticed the footprints left in the sediment amid hundreds of footprints by animals.

Religious tools and common vessels found
Rare finding supports idea of high literacy rates among biblical Jews

The finding, a complete inkwell dating to the end of the Second Temple period, was made at the Horvat Brachot excavation site in Gush Etzion.

Ancient inscription reminds modern Egypt of drought risk

A granite inscription reveals that seven years during the reign of the ancient Egyptian king Djoser, the Nile failed to go through its annual flooding cycle, causing a devastating drought and famine.

By REUTERS
16/09/2020
TAU: Tel Arad texts show literacy in Kingdom of Judah was widespread

Researchers used state-of-the-art image processing and machine-learning technologies to analyze the texts, along with police forensic methods.

Workers dig at the Tel Megiddo Archaeological site in northern Israel July 24, 2018.
US archeologists barred from digging in Israel due to coronavirus

Putting an archaeological excavation on hold does not come without costs, as, according to Manor, "there is an increased risk of site deterioration, both from the elements and plundering."

Jesus Christ
Site of Jesus’s miracles may have moved over time, expert says

Archeologists agree that Bethsaida, which was mentioned many times in the New Testament, was a town in the Galilee region but its exact location has proved to be a source of controversy.

Artifacts found beneath the Legacy Hotel Nazareth
Unique archaeological findings displayed in a Nazareth hotel

The hotel, located near the Annunciation Church at the heart of the city, has been previously used as a garage for buses owned by the Afifi family who runs the Nazareth Transport and Tourism company.

A team of archaeologists, led by Prof. Yosef Garfinkel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Insti
A 12th century Canaanite fortress excavated near Gal On opens to public

It is likely that the fortress was build some 3,200 years ago to protect the local Caanites inhabitants from foreign incursions, possibly from the Philistines.

A 1,000-year-old Hebrew Bible,was unveiled at the Museum of the Bible on November 8, 2019.
Rare 'Damascus Crowns' to remain in Israel's National Library

The Damascus Crowns were promised to be given back to rabbi Hamra, who would place them in the future, in a Syria Jewry cultural center.

Chemical ‘time-machine’ to tie Israel’s ancient people with modern land

“Israel has many archaeological sites which are really important for understanding human evolution."

2,500-year-old pottery shows close ties between ancient Israel and Turkey

A group of Israeli and German archaeologists have recently shed new light on the following chapter of the history of the area and its commercial development.

The ashes of Jerusalem's biblical fall still show at dig near Old City

The researchers have been able to pin down the moment of the destruction to 586 BCE, when the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and devastated its temple.

Archaeologists propose new identification for biblical Tel Rosh

First documented in the mid-19th century, Tel Rosh presents remains dating back to periods spanning over the millennia.

Excavations conducted in the Ashtam Square in the Old City of Safed.
From 16th century well to ‘48 war, centuries of history unveiled in Safed

Among other structures, the researchers unearthed a 16th century market, a well, water cisterns, remains of several buildings dating back between the 17th and the 19th century.

Second Temple Period stone table unearthed near Beit El

The COGAT archaeology unit is in charge of the management, preservation and access to the archaeological sites in the West Bank, and specifically in Israeli-controlled Area C.

Bedouin community unearth oldest soap ‘factory’ in Israel

The soap making workshop was not the only finding that offered insights on the life in the region in the 9th century CE: the materials to play very popular board games were also uncovered.

Evidence of most ancient cremation in Near East found in Israel

“Cremation could have allowed those ancient inhabitants of the site to have more space for the living, instead of devoting it to the dead.”

Inscriptions, milestones shed light on ‘lost’ part of Negev trade route

The previously unknown section of the Incense Route was unearthed in 2018 west of the eastern range of Mount Grafon.

Nitsan Shalom, area supervisor of E3 upper working in the field at the Lautenschläger Azekah Expedit
Archaeologist moms are provided with a babysitter at Azekah biblical dig

"I really want to send young female archaeologists the message that they can combine career and family and should not give up their dreams,” Tel Aviv University Prof. Oded Lipschits told the 'Post.'

View from Har Meron looking NNE over the Dalton Plateau.
Galilee’s geography backs historicity of Salomon’s kingdom, scholar says

How accurate is the Bible in its portrayal of the size of Salomon's Kingdom?

Mount Adir, in the upper Galilee
Mysterious fortress may hold key to solve enigmas of biblical Galilee

Pottery unearthed in the area reveals a mixture of Canaanite, Phoenician and even Cypriot influences.

Yuval Baruch.
Meet the man in charge of archaeology in Jerusalem

Yuval Baruch has headed the Jerusalem division at the Israel Antiquities Authority for over ten years.

In Hasmonean times, lamps and burials became a symbol of Jewish identity

Archaeological findings indicate a concentration of the phenomena in the region of Jerusalem and the Judean hills.

Flints found near Dimona, in the Negev, summer 2020
100,000 years ago, modern humans leaving Africa passed through the Negev

A small site found near Dimona has presented an abundance of flint tools carved with the special ‘Nubian Levallois’ technique.

100,000 years ago, modern humans leaving Africa crossed the Negev

The discovery offers new insights on the itinerary that our ancestors followed on their way to spread around the globe.

A clay head dated to the 10th century BC, found at Khirbet Qeiyafa
Hebrew U. archaeologist says he found 'face of God'

From the Ten Commandments on, the warning against creating and worshiping physical depictions of the divine is one of the most recurring themes in the Bible.

Third Crusade site where Christian forces defeated Muslim army identified

Framework used to pinpoint site involves historical records, archaeological remains, and environmental studies.

Jerusalem vs. Tel Aviv and the battle over Israel’s biblical archaeology

"Some think that the history of Israel should be written only by relying on sources outside the Bible."

Underwater bricks show skills of prehistoric inhabitants of Israel

Atlit Yam and Bene Beraq – located in the Sharon Plain - date back to the pre-pottery Neolithic C, when pottery was not manufactured yet.

Could archeology and modern medicine help validate the Bible?

"The observation of a unique medical condition and the discovery of a related archaeological object could help explain one of the most bizarre accounts in the Bible."

Archaeologists discover 2,000-year-old unique complex by the Western Wall

The structure was sealed later in the Byzantine period under the floors of a large building about 1,400 years ago and was left untouched for centuries.

The enigma behind the 1,500-year-old Christian communities in the Negev

Remains of over 180 houses were also revealed by the researchers, together with many agricultural installations including dams, cisterns, wine presses and a pigeon tower.

Christian, Muslim symbols found in 7th century shipwreck in Israel

Moreover, the ship also offers important insights in terms of ship construction techniques.

What happens to West Bank archaeological sites under Trump’s plan?

Here are some of the archaeological sites located in the West Bank.

A team of archaeologists, led by Prof. Yosef Garfinkel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Insti
Trump peace plan puts hundreds of biblical sites under Palestinian rule

There are about 6,000 sites of historical and archaeological importance in the parts of Area C that are supposed to transfer to the Palestinians on July 1.

Archaeologists reveal ancient Israel ‘prehistoric snack’

The findings of their research were published in the academic journal Scientific Reports on Wednesday.

New study dates Temple arch at 2,000-years-old

The research also led to the discovery of a previously unknown theater-like structure.

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