Israel’s rich biblical history can be found in the country’s archaeology. The Jerusalem Post shares the latest on archaeological excavations at significant biblical and historical sites in Israel and the region.

Prophet Joshua's Mount Ebal altar site harmed by Palestinian road work

News of the destruction caused an immediate outcry among right-wing politicians.

1800-year-old coin found by soldier offers look at ancient life in Israel

One of its sides reads: “of the people of Geva Phillipi,” [civic] year 217 (158–159 CE) together with the image of the Syrian moon god, Men.

Archaeologists discover friends of Caesars inside Vatican City

So far, 250 magnificent burials of the Roman elite have been unearthed inside the walls of the Vatican City.

The bone featuring the world's oldest symbols unearthed in Israel.

World's oldest ‘emojis’ unearthed at prehistoric site in Israel

The archaeologists believe that the bone belonged to an auroch, large cattle that is considered an ancestor of cows and ox.

Israeli teams discover ancient olive-eating practices below the sea

The discovery off the coast of Haifa made by a group of researchers from most major Israeli universities shows production of olives for eating started at least 6,600 years ago.


Biblical ‘royal purple’ found at Timna offers look at King David wardrobe

The color, a bright shade of purple, was extracted from mollusks fished in the Mediterranean Sea through a very expensive process.

Valeria Fenik works at a digging site in the Givati Parking Lot excavation grounds, at the City of D

Ancient marketplace in Tiberias may have been one of Islam's first mosques

The excavations estimate that what was unearthed underneath the structure — the outer layer of a mosque — might actually date back to 635 CE, possibly constructed by a friend of the Prophet Muhammad.

Hand grenade from World War I unearthed in Jerusalem

The grenade was uncovered in an ancient cistern by Oscar Becherno, director of the archaeological excavation on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority.

The building where the inscription “Christ born of Mary" was uncovered in excavation at et-Taiyiba

Ancient ‘Christ, born of Mary’ inscription unearthed in northern Israel

The region of the Jezreel Valley bears many testimonies of ancient Christian life.

A chopping tool from prehistoric site Revadim.

Prehistoric Ashdodites used chopping tools to eat bone marrow – study

Hundreds of thousands of years ago, the ancient humans living in the area of modern Ashdod used a specific type of stone tools to break animal bones and extract the bone marrow.

Did Qumran Jews use Torah scrolls 2,000 years ago? Plot thickens - study

Scrolls have been an essential part of Jewish life for millennia

A coffin, part of a recent discovery from the Saqqara necropolis, is seen south of Cairo

Egypt unveils 3000-year-old coffins in latest archaeological discovery

"All these discoveries will rewrite the history of Saqqara and the New Kingdom," said Hawass.


World's first food processor, from 350,000 years ago, found near Haifa

The food processor is the oldest abrasion tool ever found.

Weizmann scientists date Santorini eruption with modern olive branch

The annual growth of the olive tree is not a simple story.

Mine-free River Jordan shrine ends 50 year wait for Epiphany

Israeli de-mining efforts began in 2018 and included support from the Halo Trust, a Scottish-based mine clearance group.


Archaeological dig in Jaffa unearths 3,800-year-old baby buried in a jar

The jar was found in the Old City portion of the the 4,000-year-old port town, one of the oldest in the world.

Archaeologists find dance floor where John the Baptist was condemned

Josephus said that the assassination was carried out at Machaerus, a fort near the Dead Sea in what is now part of Jordan.

Ancient Greek inscription found by chance in the Negev

The stone was found by a "Project 500" worker from the Parks and Nature Authority while cleaning and preparing nature paths in the Nitzana National Park.

Siege ramp from Crusader era still protects Ashkelon

While this ramp may have been built originally as part of a war, its remains have served a very different and peaceful purpose: preventing sand from drifting into the city.

tel avvi beach summer

Archaeologists discover massive tsunami hit Israel during Neolithic era

The research team suggests that what may have happened to cause the tsunami was a reverberation effect of an earthquake occurring along the Dead Sea Transform.

Drilling barge in the Dead Sea, 2010.

Israel to be soon hit by a destructive and deadly earthquake, study shows

"It could be in ten years or in several decades, but it could also be next week, and we need to constantly be prepared for that,” the researchers said.

Earliest evidence for stone grinding tool dates back 350,000 years

The discovery shows that our ancestors played games using rocks that were heated and used as different pieces.

The bronze sculpture of Boadicea and Her Daughters in London, created by Thomas Thornycroft.

War coin trove linked to ancient rebellion led by Queen Boudicca found in UK

The coins date to about 40-50 CE, matching up well with the timeline of the queen's revolt in eastern England in either 60 or 61 AD against the occupying Romans.

The tunnels beneath the Western Wall.

Jerusalem Old City tunnels receive international recognition

The tunnels earned the top spot in the "Oddities of the Underground" category unique to the 2020 ITA Tunneling Awards.

Jesus’ birthplace became a pilgrimage site earlier than previously thought

But when did Christians start traveling to places in Israel associated with events described in the Bible for religious reasons?

Sweet-toothed Canaanites imported exotic food to Israel 3,600-years ago

Analysis of teeth of individuals who lived in Megiddo then show that the Canaanites imported exotic food from India and Southeast Asia.

Archaeologists recreate tiles of temple where Jesus walked

Such is the understanding of Israeli archaeologists and masons who, drawing on relics and historical texts, have recreated the sacred flooring so it can be experienced today.


Amateur UK archaeologist: Holy Grail in secret crypt in West London river

Finding the Holy Grail is the Holy Grail of archaeological finds.


Islamic-era candle molds found near Tiberias

Findings could add to historians’ understanding of those who lived near the Sea of Galilee in the early Islamic period.

Ancient oil-lamp workshop sheds light on Roman-era Jews and Christians

Hundreds of ceramic oil lamps – two bearing symbols of the menorah – and stone lamp molds for their production, were found along with terracotta figurines.

Seal imprinted with a figure of a roaring lion standing on all fours

2,300-year-old Iron Age seal found in Israeli market

Researchers revealed that a seal sold in a market for a couple of shekels to a professor at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) is in fact the earliest seal discovered in Israel.

Photo of two men sitting together shows Prof. Jeff Chadwick (BYU) and Prof. Aren Maeir (BIU) at the

Tall tales: Research examines Goliath's true height

While it is possible that Goliath was quite tall and even may have dwarfed most of his contemporaries, he was still a normally sized human being, at least by today’s standards.

The faint marks of one of the menorahs can be seen drawn in cistern at al-Alilyat cliffs near Mukhma

Rare menorah engraving dates back to Hasmonean era

The menorah was discovered in the 1980s in Judea and Samaria.

City of David‏

Israel wins international tunneling award for archaeology

Israel's project is very archaeologically focused, especially given the rich history that lies beneath the surface of much of the country, especially in cities thousands of years old.

Prof. hopes report on Jesus's home will focus attention on cave churches

The phenomenon of cave churches and how they influenced later Christian worship and architecture is just beginning to be studied seriously and in depth.

Altar to Greek god found in wall of Byzantine church raises questions

This excavation is now focusing on figuring out how this pagan altar came to be part of the church wall and what the inscription on it means.

3000-year-old temple-era gold bead found by 9-year-old Jerusalem boy

The bead was so well preserved, that when the boy brought the bead to the supervising archaeologist, he initially wrote it off as likely being an unidentified modern object.

Have archaeologists found Jesus's childhood home in Nazareth?

This spot was first suggested as the home of Jesus and his family in the 19th century.

How are archaeologists using hi-tech during the coronavirus era?

Archaeologists from Haifa and San Diego had to get creative to work on their collaborative excavation without actually travelling due to quarantines.

Pompeii's ruins yield scalded bodies of rich man and slave

"These two victims were perhaps seeking refuge when they were swept away by the pyroclastic current at about 9 in the morning."

Ofri Eitan of the Kfar Hanasi pre-military Academi next to the engraved stone

King David-era fort found in Israel's Golan Heights

The archaeologists think that the fort was built by the kingdom of Geshur, an ally of King David.

Seal with the image of Apollo.

2,000-year-old gem seal depicting Greek god Apollo found under City of David

Although Apollo is an Olympian deity of the Greek and Roman cultures, it is highly probable that the person wearing the ring with Apollo’s portrait was a Jew.

A replica of a find from Jerusalem, shows a heel bone pierced with an iron nail

Jerusalem geologist believes we have the nails used for crucifixion

Aryeh Shimron found out that the nails were the same ones taken from the Caiaphas site, and were also used to crucify someone. And they have bone on them.

Second Temple period jars and complete clay objects unearthed in Beit El

The ancient jars were discovered inside a water hole at the Khirbet Kafr Mer archaeological site at Beit El.

Einalem Mengesto, who works at the Faitlovitch Collection.

Ethiopian Jewry's biblical texts are disappearing. TAU is saving them.

The students who have just begun their studies in the 2020-2021 academic year are all Ethiopian Israelis with Bachelor's degrees, who are eager to preserve and study their heritage.

Negev trash mounds reveal secrets of ancient agriculture

The study explores how the detailed study of trash can lead to wide-ranging conclusions about the economic and agricultural life of a community.

Medieval Jerusalem latrine may hold secrets of modern-era gut diseases

The Jerusalem latrine was found in the Christian Quarter of the Old City, close to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 1996 during excavations of a cesspool in the courtyard of a Spanish school.

Israeli study finds ancient hominins used fire to make tools

The findings from the cave have been dated to between 420,000 and 200,000 years ago, or the Lower Paleolithic period.

Archaeologists dig at the site in Beersheba.

6,500-year-old 'furnace' discovered in Beersheba

“It’s important to understand that the refining of copper was the high tech of that period."

Abd Elghani Ibrahim of the Israel Antiquities Authority, at the site of the excavated mikveh near Ki

Ancient ritual bath makes journey to new kibbutz home

Kibbutz campaign triumphs in attempt to house ancient mikveh

Ortal Harush with one of the Iron-Age jars found in Khirbet Qeiyafa

Modern scans may show traces of the original dimensions of the ‘tefach’

The tefach, an ancient unit of measurement, was used by ancient Israelites.

Rare masthead from ancient shipwreck found in northern Israel

Rare masthead from ancient shipwreck found in northern Israel

Each artifact yielded information which can help unravel mysteries of this era.

The Nefud desert in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula

Footprints in Saudi Arabia could prove humans were there 120,000 years ago

Archeologists working in Nefud Desert noticed the footprints left in the sediment amid hundreds of footprints by animals.

Religious tools and common vessels found

Rare finding supports idea of high literacy rates among biblical Jews

The finding, a complete inkwell dating to the end of the Second Temple period, was made at the Horvat Brachot excavation site in Gush Etzion.

Ancient inscription reminds modern Egypt of drought risk

A granite inscription reveals that seven years during the reign of the ancient Egyptian king Djoser, the Nile failed to go through its annual flooding cycle, causing a devastating drought and famine.


TAU: Tel Arad texts show literacy in Kingdom of Judah was widespread

Researchers used state-of-the-art image processing and machine-learning technologies to analyze the texts, along with police forensic methods.

Workers dig at the Tel Megiddo Archaeological site in northern Israel July 24, 2018.

US archeologists barred from digging in Israel due to coronavirus

Putting an archaeological excavation on hold does not come without costs, as, according to Manor, "there is an increased risk of site deterioration, both from the elements and plundering."

Jesus Christ

Site of Jesus’s miracles may have moved over time, expert says

Archeologists agree that Bethsaida, which was mentioned many times in the New Testament, was a town in the Galilee region but its exact location has proved to be a source of controversy.

Artifacts found beneath the Legacy Hotel Nazareth

Unique archaeological findings displayed in a Nazareth hotel

The hotel, located near the Annunciation Church at the heart of the city, has been previously used as a garage for buses owned by the Afifi family who runs the Nazareth Transport and Tourism company.

A team of archaeologists, led by Prof. Yosef Garfinkel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Insti

A 12th century Canaanite fortress excavated near Gal On opens to public

It is likely that the fortress was build some 3,200 years ago to protect the local Caanites inhabitants from foreign incursions, possibly from the Philistines.

A 1,000-year-old Hebrew Bible,was unveiled at the Museum of the Bible on November 8, 2019.

Rare 'Damascus Crowns' to remain in Israel's National Library

The Damascus Crowns were promised to be given back to rabbi Hamra, who would place them in the future, in a Syria Jewry cultural center.

Chemical ‘time-machine’ to tie Israel’s ancient people with modern land

“Israel has many archaeological sites which are really important for understanding human evolution."

2,500-year-old pottery shows close ties between ancient Israel and Turkey

A group of Israeli and German archaeologists have recently shed new light on the following chapter of the history of the area and its commercial development.

The ashes of Jerusalem's biblical fall still show at dig near Old City

The researchers have been able to pin down the moment of the destruction to 586 BCE, when the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and devastated its temple.

Archaeologists propose new identification for biblical Tel Rosh

First documented in the mid-19th century, Tel Rosh presents remains dating back to periods spanning over the millennia.

Excavations conducted in the Ashtam Square in the Old City of Safed.

From 16th century well to ‘48 war, centuries of history unveiled in Safed

Among other structures, the researchers unearthed a 16th century market, a well, water cisterns, remains of several buildings dating back between the 17th and the 19th century.

Second Temple Period stone table unearthed near Beit El

The COGAT archaeology unit is in charge of the management, preservation and access to the archaeological sites in the West Bank, and specifically in Israeli-controlled Area C.

Bedouin community unearth oldest soap ‘factory’ in Israel

The soap making workshop was not the only finding that offered insights on the life in the region in the 9th century CE: the materials to play very popular board games were also uncovered.

Evidence of most ancient cremation in Near East found in Israel

“Cremation could have allowed those ancient inhabitants of the site to have more space for the living, instead of devoting it to the dead.”

Inscriptions, milestones shed light on ‘lost’ part of Negev trade route

The previously unknown section of the Incense Route was unearthed in 2018 west of the eastern range of Mount Grafon.

Nitsan Shalom, area supervisor of E3 upper working in the field at the Lautenschläger Azekah Expedit

Archaeologist moms are provided with a babysitter at Azekah biblical dig

"I really want to send young female archaeologists the message that they can combine career and family and should not give up their dreams,” Tel Aviv University Prof. Oded Lipschits told the 'Post.'

View from Har Meron looking NNE over the Dalton Plateau.

Galilee’s geography backs historicity of Salomon’s kingdom, scholar says

How accurate is the Bible in its portrayal of the size of Salomon's Kingdom?

Mount Adir, in the upper Galilee

Mysterious fortress may hold key to solve enigmas of biblical Galilee

Pottery unearthed in the area reveals a mixture of Canaanite, Phoenician and even Cypriot influences.

Yuval Baruch.

Meet the man in charge of archaeology in Jerusalem

Yuval Baruch has headed the Jerusalem division at the Israel Antiquities Authority for over ten years.

In Hasmonean times, lamps and burials became a symbol of Jewish identity

Archaeological findings indicate a concentration of the phenomena in the region of Jerusalem and the Judean hills.

Flints found near Dimona, in the Negev, summer 2020

100,000 years ago, modern humans leaving Africa passed through the Negev

A small site found near Dimona has presented an abundance of flint tools carved with the special ‘Nubian Levallois’ technique.

100,000 years ago, modern humans leaving Africa crossed the Negev

The discovery offers new insights on the itinerary that our ancestors followed on their way to spread around the globe.

A clay head dated to the 10th century BC, found at Khirbet Qeiyafa

Hebrew U. archaeologist says he found 'face of God'

From the Ten Commandments on, the warning against creating and worshiping physical depictions of the divine is one of the most recurring themes in the Bible.

Third Crusade site where Christian forces defeated Muslim army identified

Framework used to pinpoint site involves historical records, archaeological remains, and environmental studies.

Jerusalem vs. Tel Aviv and the battle over Israel’s biblical archaeology

"Some think that the history of Israel should be written only by relying on sources outside the Bible."

Underwater bricks show skills of prehistoric inhabitants of Israel

Atlit Yam and Bene Beraq – located in the Sharon Plain - date back to the pre-pottery Neolithic C, when pottery was not manufactured yet.

Could archeology and modern medicine help validate the Bible?

"The observation of a unique medical condition and the discovery of a related archaeological object could help explain one of the most bizarre accounts in the Bible."

Archaeologists discover 2,000-year-old unique complex by the Western Wall

The structure was sealed later in the Byzantine period under the floors of a large building about 1,400 years ago and was left untouched for centuries.

The enigma behind the 1,500-year-old Christian communities in the Negev

Remains of over 180 houses were also revealed by the researchers, together with many agricultural installations including dams, cisterns, wine presses and a pigeon tower.

Christian, Muslim symbols found in 7th century shipwreck in Israel

Moreover, the ship also offers important insights in terms of ship construction techniques.

What happens to West Bank archaeological sites under Trump’s plan?

Here are some of the archaeological sites located in the West Bank.

A team of archaeologists, led by Prof. Yosef Garfinkel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Insti

Trump peace plan puts hundreds of biblical sites under Palestinian rule

There are about 6,000 sites of historical and archaeological importance in the parts of Area C that are supposed to transfer to the Palestinians on July 1.

Archaeologists reveal ancient Israel ‘prehistoric snack’

The findings of their research were published in the academic journal Scientific Reports on Wednesday.

New study dates Temple arch at 2,000-years-old

The research also led to the discovery of a previously unknown theater-like structure.

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